the Douro river estuary in Northern Portugal, Porto is one of
the oldest European centres, and its historical core was proclaimed
a World Heritage Siteby UNESCO in 1996. The western part of its urban area
extends to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean. Its settlement dates back many centuries, when
it was an outpost of the Roman Empire. Its combined Celtic-Latin name, Portus Cale, It has been referred to as the origin of the name
"Portugal", based on transliteration and oral evolution from Latin.
In Portuguese, the name of the city is spelled with a definite article ("o Porto"; English: the
port). Consequently, its English name evolved from a misinterpretation of the
oral pronunciation and referred to as Oporto in modern literature and
by many speakers.
The glow of the volcano was apparently what attracted
Captain James Cook on the first European
journey to the island in 1774. Today the mountain is a sacred area for
the John Frumcargo cult. Members of the cult revere John Frum, a deified
messenger who foretold the bringing of wealth to the island by American forces, and
believe he resides in Mount Yasur with his countrymen. The village of Sulphur
Bay, the center of the movement, claims the volcano as part of their territory.
The city was destroyed by the Goths in
263, and although rebuilt, the city's importance as a commercial centre
declined as the harbour was slowly silted up by the Küçükmenderes River. It
was partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614 AD.
Begur has 3,986 inhabitants (according to the census of
2005). It is an important tourist attraction in the Baix Empordà. During the summer, the population can exceed
Despite its tourist character, the village has important
historical remnants that go back in early history. The castle of Begur is a
good example of medieval remains. The castle was constructed in the 16th and
The old Mediterranean port of Kotor is surrounded by fortifications built
during the Venetian period. It
is located on the Bay of Kotor (Boka Kotorska), one of
the most indented parts of the Adriatic Sea. Some have called it the southern-most fjord in
Europe, but it is a ria, a submerged river canyon. Together with the nearly
overhanging limestone cliffs of Orjen and Lovćen, Kotor and its surrounding area form an impressive and
picturesque Mediterranean landscape.